Hyperpigmentation is the darkening of the skin caused by increased melanin. It normally appears in patches and can affect the nails as well as the skin. It has many root causes including acne, hormones during pregnancy, certain medications, Melasma and the contraceptive pill. Undeniably the main cause of hyperpigmentation is sun damage.
An example of hyperpigmentation is Melasma. Melasma is often formed during or shortly after pregnancy but in many cases disappears after pregnancy.
Melasma can be treated after pregnancy with some prescription creams that include Hydroquinone. However, for those people who do not want to use Hydroquinone, there are other products on the market that specifically target hyperpigmentation but are hydroquinone-free.
If you have been diagnosed with Melasma by a doctor or dermatologist, it is essential you wear high factor sun protection at all times. Melasma is worsened by sun exposure and furthermore, any treatment you may have undergone for Melasma will be reversed by the sun’s rays. Always use a high factor sunscreen such as 30+ or 50 to protect your skin.
Hyperpigmentation is often more common in people with darker skin tones but this is worsened by excessive sun exposure. Once again, it is crucial that sunscreens and sun protection be worn 365 days a year to keep your skin protected from UVA and UVB rays.
There are many treatments for hyperpigmentation, and many of the effective treatments contain ingredients including kojic acid, AHAs, ascorbic acid, hydroquinone and licorice extract. These ingredients are found in many of the hyperpigmentation skincare treatments stocked at Effortless Skin.